Human digestive system


Gastroenterology is an important chapter of medicine dealing with the treatment of ailments related to the digestive system. These ailments are mainly related to the following diseases:

  • esophagus
  • large intestine,
  • liver,
  • gastric biliary tract,
  • duodenum,
  • small intestine,
  • pancreas.

Diseases of the digestive system are in many cases caused by an unhealthy lifestyle and poor nutrition. They are very often caused by genetic and hormonal conditions. The methods of treatment include diagnostics, pharmacological, endoscopic and surgical treatment. Typical diagnostic tests are: gastroscopy, colonoscopy, sigmoscopy, ultrasound of the abdominal cavity and transrectal ultrasound.

A gastroenterologist specializes in the targeted treatment of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, as well as liver and pancreatic diseases. Doctors of this specialty deal with the diagnosis and treatment of all abnormalities in the digestive system: inflammations and infections, neoplastic changes, and autoimmune and functional diseases.

There are several main symptoms that may suggest difficulty with the digestive system. The main ones are severe or chronic abdominal pain. Constipation and vomiting, or a sudden weight loss, can also be a cause for concern.Most patients expect the problems to go away on their own and turn to common reliever remedies.

However, when symptoms worsen or persist for a long time, you should definitely see a specialist doctor. Such symptoms should not be taken lightly. Digestive system disorders can have serious consequences for our health. It should also be remembered that one of the most serious diseases of this system is cancer that can develop in the digestive system. In this case, early diagnosis may determine the chances of a cure.


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